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MEPS Topics: Employment Status
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Employment Status
Description: As part of the MEPS questionnaire, the employment section covers questions about each person's employment or self-employment status. For jobs identified, this section asks questions to obtain contact information for each employer. For several types of jobs, questions are asked about type of business or industry, firm size, how long the person has worked at each job, whether health insurance was offered, hours worked, job titles or main duties.

For persons who are currently employed, questions ask about periods of unpaid leave at their job. For those not currently working, questions ask about previous jobs and the reasons for not working. Items related to whether the person was working on December 31st of the data year were added in Panel 4 Round 3. Questions about whether the person's job was temporary or seasonal were added in 2000 (Panel 4 Round 5 and Panel 5 Round 3). Additional questions about health insurance, including whether it was offered to the person, whether it was offered to any employee, and why the person was not eligible were added in 2002 (Panel 6 Round 3 and Panel 7 Round 1).

Beginning in 2002, items related to job begin-and-end hours and shift changes were omitted (Panel 6 Round 4 and Panel 7 Round 2). Informed consent information regarding contacting employers who provide health insurance was added in 2004 (Panel 8 Round 3 and Panel 9 Round 1).
Data tables: Employment status tables are available in an interactive format on the Household Component Summary Tables platform.
Analytic tools: You can use the MEPSnet/HC query tool to generate your own tables for employment status. Select the EMPLOY variable within the Employment variables category along with other variables of interest.
Publications: Publications are listed in reverse chronological order (most recent first).
Health Insurance Status of Full-Time Workers by Demographic and Employer Characteristics, 2008 
Statistical Brief #317 
Health Insurance Coverage of Near Elderly Individuals, Ages 55-64, 2006 
Statistical Brief #239 
Health Insurance Status of Full Time Workers by Demographic and Employer Characteristics, 2006 
Statistical Brief #234 
Premiums, Employer Costs, and Employee Contributions for Private Sector Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance, Single Coverage by Firm Size, 1996-2006 
Statistical Brief #231 
Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance for State and Local Governments, by Census Division, 2006 
Statistical Brief #223 
Co-pays, Deductibles, and Coinsurance Percentages for Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance in the Non-Federal Workforce, by Industry Classification, 2006 
Statistical Brief #219 
Co-pays, Deductibles, and Coinsurance Percentages for Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance in the State and Local Government Workforce, by Census Division, 2006 
Statistical Brief #218 
Health Behaviors and Labor Market Status: The Impact of Substance Abuse 
Working Paper #5013 
Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance: Trends in Cost and Access 
Research in Action #17 
Dental Services: Use, Expenses, and Sources of Payment, 1996-2000 
Research Findings #20 
Projecting National Medical Expenditure Survey Data: A Framework for MEPS Projections 
Methodology Report #13 
Women in the Health Care System: Health Status, Insurance, and Access to Care 
Research Findings #17 
Changes in the Medicaid Community Population: 1987-96 
Research Findings #9 
Uninsured Workers--Job Characteristics, 1996 
Highlights #8 
Job-Based Health Insurance--1987 and 1996 
Highlights #5 
Health Insurance Coverage in America-1996 
Highlights #4 
Health insurance status of workers and their families: 1996 
Research Findings #2 
   Page last revised:  April 3, 2019
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